Number of Gun Dealers
in U.S. Drops Almost 80 Percent�From 245,628 to 54,902�Since 1994, New
Violence Policy Center (VPC) Report Reveals
America Once Had
More Gun Dealers Than Gas Stations, Now Only Five States Do: Alaska, Idaho,
Montana, Oregon, and Wyoming
number of gun dealers in America has dropped by 190,726 since 1994 according
to a new study released today by the Violence Policy Center (VPC). The
study (see http://www.vpc.org/studies/dealers.pdf)
found that the number of Type 1 Federal Firearms Licenses (FFLs) plummeted
78 percent: from 245,628 in 1994 to 54,902 in 2005. (The Type 1 FFL is
the basic federal license required to sell guns in America.)
The 1992 VPC publication
More Gun Dealers Than Gas Stations first focused national attention
on abuses by FFL holders and revealed that at the time of its release
the number of Americans who possessed the Type 1 FFL outnumbered gas stations
245,000 to 210,000. The bulk of the licenses were held by illegitimate
"kitchen-table" dealers who operated out of their homes or offices, an
unknown percentage of which were actively involved in criminal gun trafficking.
As the result of policy recommendations contained in the study that were
implemented under the Clinton Administration, today only five states have
more gun dealers than gas stations (see chart below). The full study contains
information for all 50 states as well as policy recommendations.
the largest decrease in the number of gun dealers of any state in the
nation, dropping from 20,148 in 1994 to 2,438 in 2005�a drop of 88 percent.
VPC Policy Analyst
Marty Langley states, "The sharp drop in gun dealers is one of the most
important�and little noticed�victories in the effort to reduce firearms
violence in America. The dramatic drop in dealers aids not only federal
law enforcement, but cities and states as they continue their efforts
to reduce illegal firearms trafficking and firearms violence."
The Violence Policy Center is a
national non-profit educational foundation that conducts research on violence
in America and works to develop violence-reduction policies and proposals.
The Center examines the role of firearms in America, conducts research
on firearms violence, and explores new ways to decrease firearm-related
death and injury.
Wednesday, March 8, 2006
Violence Policy Center
(202) 822-8200 x109