VPC Releases New Study
No Deal: The Drop in Federally Licensed Firearms Dealers in America
Nation With Decrease of 16,905�a Drop of 84%
Number of Gun Dealers
Reduced by Nearly 75%; Dramatic Drops Seen in All 50 States
Violence Policy Center (VPC) today released a new study revealing that
the number of gun dealers has dropped by more than 181,000 since 1994.
The study found that the number of holders of Type 1 Federal Firearms
Licenses (FFLs) plummeted 74 percent from 245,628 in January 1994 to 63,881
in April 2002�a decrease of 181,747. (The Type 1 FFL is the basic federal
license required to sell guns in America.)
the largest drop in the number of gun dealers of any state in the nation.
The number of Type 1 FFLs in the state fell by 16,905; a drop of 84 percent�from
20,148 in January 1994 to 3,243 in April 2002.
the remaining top five states reporting the largest drops in the number
of gun dealers are: Texas (13,199, a drop of 73 percent), Michigan (9,060,
a drop of 75 percent), Pennsylvania (8,602, a drop of 73 percent), and
Florida (8,059, a drop of 81 percent).
The decrease is the
result of new licensing and renewal criteria contained in 1993's Brady
Law and 1994's federal crime bill, enhanced ATF enforcement, and state
and local initiatives. All of these changes were designed to reduce the
number of "kitchen-table" gun dealers�dealers who operate out of their
homes often in violation of state and local law�and limit licensing to
legitimate gun dealers.
VPC Policy Analyst
Marty Langley states, "Kitchen-table dealers are notorious for supplying
guns to gangs, drug dealers, and street criminals. The sharp drop in gun
dealers is one of the most important�and little noticed�victories in the
effort to reduce firearms violence in America."
The new VPC analysis
comes nearly 10 years after the organization released its December 1992
study More Gun Dealers Than Gas Stations. The study was the first to focus
national attention on abuses by FFL holders and revealed that at the time
of its release the number of Americans who possessed the Type 1 FFL outnumbered
gas stations 245,000 to 210,000.
The Violence Policy Center is a
national non-profit educational foundation that conducts research on violence
in America and works to develop violence-reduction policies and proposals.
The Center examines the role of firearms in America, conducts research
on firearms violence, and explores new ways to decrease firearm-related
death and injury.
Wednesday, September 25, 2002
Violence Policy Center
(202) 822-8200 x105